Raul V. Rodriguez

Sunday, September 18, 2016

Lie detection and facts!

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How to catch a liar
When I teach people how to catch liars, it takes me 32 hours. And there are over 30 different things you look for. I’ll tell you a couple of them in a minute, but if you’re going to remember them and use them and spot them you need a lot of practice. I could tell you exactly how to play tennis and win the Olympics, and I could tell you that in ten minutes.
But without a coach and a lot of practice it’s not going to be of any use to you. So I’ll tell you a couple of things that, unless you get a lot of practice, they’re not going to be a lot of help.
Micro Expressions
Spotting a micro expression is the single most useful thing. This is an expression that lasts about a 25th of a second. I have tested over 300 people in all walks of life and over 99 percent of them don’t see them and yet with an hour’s training on the Internet they can learn to see them. So if you want to catch liars, learn how to see micro expressions.
However, that may only tell you that the person’s concealing an emotion. That’s a lie. It’s not going to tell you how they really feel. It may not tell you that they’re the perpetrator of acrime.Take this example – it’s a terrible example, but I have to use it: my wife is found dead. I will be the first suspect because, regrettably, the person most likely to kill their wife is the husband.
So I’m the first suspect but I love my wife. I didn’t kill her. The police are wasting their time and they’re insulting me. Time is going by and they’re not looking for the right person. I could be furious at them and concealing my anger. And so if you spot my concealed anger, it doesn’t mean I killed my wife. It only means that I’m concealing my anger.
Body Language
If I asked you how many gestures are used in Europe today, you’d give me about 12, but there are actually 80. And if I showed you every one of those 80, you’d know what they mean.
Distancing Language
The best example I have of distancing language was from a fellow in Brussels who was making a public appearance on television to ask the public for help to find his missing sister. He said: “I really hope you will help me with this matter.” This matter? Your sister is missing and she might be dead. It turned out, of course, that he had killed her.
A much less severe offense – and some people do not think there was any offense – was Bill Clinton saying, “I didn’t have sex with that woman.” And then gave her name. “That woman” is putting her at a distance from himself. Now I never will identify someone as a liar on the basis of one clue. I like to have three or four clues and I like to have them, if possible, repeated if it’s an important situation, like giving the police advice about whether this is the suspect who probably committed a murder and whether they should spend more money and time investigating this person.
If you’re a parent, don’t be a policeman. Don’t try and catch your kid in a lie. Try and teach them about why they shouldn’t lie and try to help them find a way to achieve what they want without needing to lie; that’s your job as a parent, not to become a good lie-catcher.

Liars by nature? Or by absorption?

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“Lying is an incredibly important skill. But it is pretty tricky and depends on a basic cognitive capability that young children lack and need to develop. You may have to teach your children how to lie effectively. 
I know the basic moral view about lying: Lying is wrong and you shouldn’t lie. So by suggesting that we teach children to lie, I must be an awful person. But if I can be honest for a moment, lying really is an important skill. We lie every day. How are you? I’m fine. Frequently that’s a lie. We also use lies and deception in games; including games that we play with children. Although you might win a lot, playing cards with someone who can’t deceive and bluff isn’t much fun. We certainly use deception and often direct lies in business and political negotiations. Like many skills, lying can be used for good or bad goals. But here’s the crucial thing: The ability to lie effectively is related to many other demonstrations of social competence. So in spite of the generally accepted truth, I’m not convinced that lying is always bad. Instead, I’m convinced it is crucial that children learn the cognitive skills that enable lying.
But little kids are horrible liars. The inability of small children to lie is a wonderful gift when you’re the parent and you are trying to find out who committed some transgression. An inability to lie also pretty funny when you play hide-n-seek with a little kid. They can’t hide effectively because they aren’t very good at deceiving you. They don’t seem to understand when you can and can’t see them. They also can’t seem to stop giggling; which makes me laugh too. So hide and seek is both fun and funny with little children. 
Deception, lying, and hiding depend on the development of a Theory of Mind. Theory of Mind is the cognitive understanding that we all have minds and that those minds hold knowledge and beliefs. More importantly, Theory of Mind is the realization that we may have different knowledge, different beliefs; that is, different minds. 
Little children have not finished developing their Theory of Mind. In particular, children often have problems understanding that other people have different knowledge and beliefs than they have. For example, once a young child knows something, that child seems to believe that this knowledge is shared with everyone. A classic demonstration of a Theory of Mind failure concerns false beliefs. A false belief is when your belief about the world doesn’t match the state of the world. You might show children a crayon box and ask what they think is in the box. “Crayons.” Then you open the box and discover that it holds something other than crayons – maybe Cheerios. For a young child, that is surprising and way cool. “Wow, Cheerios in the Crayon box.” The original thought that crayons were in the crayon box, while reasonable, was a false belief. Adults make jokes about this sort of false packaging when we re-use boxes to wrap new gifts. In a Theory of Mind test, you then close the crayon box (so you can’t see the Cheerios anymore). Then you show the box to someone new and ask the child what this new person will think is in the box. Of course you and I with our developed Theory of Mind will suspect that the new person will believe there are crayons in the box and that the new person will be surprised to discover Cheerios in the box. We think they will hold a false belief. After all, that’s what we used to believe too. But very young children mistakenly claim that the new person will know that Cheerios are in the crayon box. Somehow they think their knowledge is shared with all other minds. They haven’t figured out that someone else can hold false beliefs or beliefs that differ from their own. 
Solving Theory of Mind is fundamental to both lying and other measures of social competence. I have to understand that you have beliefs, knowledge, and feelings. I have to understand that your beliefs, knowledge, and feelings may differ from mine. If I want to lie, then I have to manipulate your beliefs and knowledge. If I want to convince you to do something, I also have to manipulate your beliefs, knowledge, and feelings. If I want to have empathy, then I have to appreciate your beliefs and feelings. Interacting with others depends on having a well-developed Theory of Mind. 
So if you want your child to deceive, lie, manipulate others, and display social competence, you must teach your children to solve Theory of Mind problems. In a recent experimental study, several researchers did just this will 3-year-old children who couldn’t effectively play hide and seek (Ding, Wellman, Wang, Fu, & Lee, 2015). In other words, the children couldn’t deceive others. Ding and colleagues trained the children with false belief problems (similar to the “what is in the crayon box” problems). After training, the children were substantially better at a hide and seek game that involved misleading the experimenter. The ability last for months indicating that the training helped the children develop Theory of Mind earlier than they might have done otherwise. Playing deception games, false belief games, and hide and seek may help children develop a Theory of Mind (and enable effective lying). 
Lying, like other social skills, depends on recognizing that other people have minds. Those other minds hold information that differs from my knowledge. Once I have Theory of Mind, I can work to manipulate that other person’s beliefs. Of course, I could also recognize the other person’s beliefs and display empathy for that person. Surprisingly both lying and social competence depend on developing a Theory of Mind. I have to recognize your mind if I am going to deceive you or appreciate you. Teach your children to lie. Play games that depend of deception. Your children need these skills to become more empathetic and socially competent adults.”

Deception Detection: An overview

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Human behaviour & its complex mechanism have been a field of scientific research for decades now. Peoples’ motivations & drives are a mystery to most people & are not easy to understand. A host of factors add up to make up the complex called a ‘personality’. Now when it comes to deciphering or decoding the hidden clues that a person’s body language or facial expressions maybe revealing a layman falls short by a mile. There are a host of techniques that experts rely upon to detect deception or lies. To name a few they are Galvanic Skin response, fMRI, Voice Stress Analysis, Behavioural Analysis etc..
One of the techniques that is rapidly catching on & is widely used by security agencies in most countries is Micro expressions. This has been proven to be a very effective way to gauge a suspicious person’s feelings & thought process & is considered a tell tale sign of a person’s inner state. There are over 10000 micro-expressions but there are about seven that are widely observed & are fairly easy to spot among the masses with enough practice. These are viz. Anger, Fear, Contempt, Sadness, Happiness, Surprise and Disgust. IRIANS has worked with corporates & security agencies across the globe to effectively train employees & officers alike to spot deception as it happens so they can save their organisation the mishap of fraudulent acts & potentially fatal mistakes.

Are you naked? Well, your mind is

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In continuation to previous articles in the art of Detection of Deception, I take the chance to recall-with the permission of the specialist Richard Cytowic- the most important areas to look at in someone’s face in order to identify deception. However, I’ll repeat one more time: Deception Experts are born, not made. The scientific formula might not always be effective for people whose skills aren’t accurate enough to detect deception.
As mentioned in the following article, chin and mouth surroundings are the main ‘spotters’ of lies. But is it enough? Absolutely not. I would like point-as done previously- detection of deception is a combination of various patterns such as body language and FACS cues, voices stress, writing analysis, clothing, behavioural aspects, psychological situations, current scenario, among others.
Watch out and improve your life detecting skills!

Why knowing about Deception is as important as knowing how to sum?

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Micro-expressions, body language, writing analysis, voice stress analysis, behavioural analysis, profiling…it all comes to the Detection of Deception in human beings and animals. Psychology is a broad science which combined with Neuroscience allows us to spread the service denominated as Applied Neuroscience and Psychology with a Business potential perspective. 
A small exercise. Read the questions below, take a piece a paper and take 30 sec to answer on the paper “YES/NO”. You will understand then why you do need a deception training programme.
“Do you use the right way of communication with clients? and your employees? and you?”
“Are you an expert Networker?”
“Have you ever thought about how many times people lie to you in a single day?”
“Are you a Poker player, an employer, a wife, a politician, a scientist, a policeman… or a simple human being?”
“Deception is a serious business. More than 85% of fraud cases in Europe happened because of undetected deception in the past 10 years.”- Raul V. RodriguezCo-CEO of IRIANS assures.
This is the field focused on National/International Security but it is as important for Officers as for everyone to know when we are being lied.  That can save you money, time or even safety from hiring a bad employee or making sure you know what is going on with your partner or significant other. Unfortunately, we, humans, are not naturally good at detecting lies. Therefore, an intense and personal training is indeed needed to spot them.
Remember that an effective communication is a vital tool for any business owner. Your success at getting your point across can be the difference between sealing a deal or missing out on a potential opportunity. Train your business communication in order to succeed. Get the right networking skills in order to spot the maximum amount of business.

THE LIES WE TELL OURSELVES

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Everybody engages in some amount of self-deception or the other, little denials or rationalizations that remove unpleasant evidences of our warts. Episodes of self- enhancements are extremely normal. Truth be told, slightly overrating ourselves seems to be psychologically healthy. Self-deception alleviates stress, benefits relationships, and makes us more resilient by sheltering the ego from the storms of reality.
According to recent studies conducted by cognitive psychologists, ample amount of evidence has been gathered which states that self-deception is a basic feature of the human mind. Deceiving ourselves has many advantages, including appearing confident and winning favor of other. The human mind is a jumble of conscious and unconscious elements that allows us to be both: deceiver and deceived, although it may differ in the degree to which we are onto our own tricks.
A little bit of self-deceit is good for everyone, but when it comes to core challenges of adult life like career, money, sexual identity, and marriage – fooling yourself can have devastating consequences.
There is no personality type in particular that is more vulnerable to self-deception. Everyone is equally susceptible, especially when anxiety takes over the best in us. In general, accepting our flaws alongside our strengths provides a bulwark against excessive self-deception; so does coming to peace with our own internal contradictions and learning to withstand difficult feelings, such as doubt and fear.

Wednesday, August 17, 2016

#TTYN. The Twist You Need

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#TTYN. The Twist You Need

The new Raúl V. Rodríguez book
#TTYN. The Twist You Need

There are very few "special" situations in life when your ideology can be pen down in words. Words that inspire many. Well, after a few months over the same, I find myself half-way "processed", glad and equally astonished to announce that The 'Twist You Need' will release (expected) in 2016 -max beginning of 2017.
 
Here you can enlight yourself with the introductory Synopsis.
 
Thank you for all your support and collaboration in term of ideas, perspectives and views.

In a confounding world, we observe perplexed what is about to come next. We live in fear and not in happiness, segregating and feeding ideas with the thought of a more humanistic reality which is yet to arrive. 

We consider homo sapiens as the supreme tool of self-understanding and developing. We believe we created technology, but we aren’t aware that technology created us. Religion is used as a management tool deriving to be the control panel of your mind. We don’t ask, we don’t wonder, we don’t criticise. With the system we follow the flow becoming part of the cattle. We absolutely think that freedom is real, as much as the term ‘legal’ is original. We claim having educational institutions when we are actually developing instructional centres instead.

We have a sentiment of self-belonging to an abstract concept called ‘society’. We do not know the meaning of the same, but we know we can study it through books even though none of the concepts are practically applicable in the real world. We protest against the system but “Hey,I got to pay taxes. Can’t skip it".

We are part of that cattle that comes into ‘depression‘ without even knowing the meaning of such term. We claim to know everything when we know nothing. We blindly confuse “Legal” and “Right” by being those ignorant individuals who fall under the trap of  “Freedom”. We led our existence through family values and self-imposed beliefs. 

We are lost but we always find our way back. Our way back to self-destruction. Why don’t we start seeing a bit less and understanding a bit more. We ask for “Respect” when we don’t even know how to involve that idea in our neurological functioning. Analyse the perceptive reality from the pure concept of clarity through a mind twist in order to change your inner social order.

If You wanna be You, This is Your book.